20160416-dscf9288She peered down at her dog lovingly, shoulders tilted slightly so she could grab his eyes with hers and hold them.

“Au pied,” she called in a strong tone that completely negated the soft French words meant to instruct the dog to Heel.

The dog shifted slightly to take his position, gazing up at his owner as the two seemed to stare into each other’s souls.

Then, they began moving.

Her pace was quick and the dog kept up, marching rhythmically in time with his owner who still had his eye contact captured by her stare. She stopped, dropped a toy reward and the two began to play, the once stern tone in her voice relegated and replaced with shrieks of happiness and delight as the two engaged in a rigorous game of tug.

She turned to me, seeking my instruction, glowing with pride at her dog’s performance.

“Awesome work!” I called from across the field. “Now, try it standing up straight!”

She stared at me inquisitively, confused for a moment at my request.

“What?” she asked, “What do you mean?”

I went on. “Your shoulders were tilted so you could better maintain eye contact…. try standing straight this time around.”

“Oh!” she laughed as she made her way back to me, her dog tugging on the toy she gripped in her hand. “I didn’t even realize I did that!”

She lined her dog up a second time ready to practice the heel again. Glancing back my way, she said “Glad you caught that one, I wouldn’t want to lose points because of something stupid I was doing!”

I smiled and nodded, cueing her to start her work. As was habit, she leaned over, and with a quick clear of her throat and a nervous laugh she righted herself before setting off to practice the routine.

12087091_10207951853973556_6095973881404044696_oThey moved in time, much as they had on their first attempt, the pace slightly more awkward as the handler struggled to maintain her new position, her body threatening to lean over, her eyes longing to look at her dog.

After a few steps, the dog began to swing wide, his rear shooting out left while his head began to wrap more and more around her leg. He forged, then lagged, then forged again, flaring out his rear end with every forward step, and regularly losing focus.

She stopped, readjusted, stood up straight and the two were off again.

Again the dog swung wide, walking at a 45 degree angle to his handler, threatening to forge and wrap further with every step she took.

Clearly frustrated, she slowed, helping the dog find his “correct” spot so she could end the exercise on a good note.

She made her way back to me, the pride that once overtook her expression now replaced by complete exasperation.

“That was a mess!” she said as they finally got within earshot, realizing within the quick lesson that her dog didn’t understand the heel quite as well as she had originally thought.

I encouraged, “It’s a common mistake. But dogs are constantly watching our body language. We can quite easily get ourselves into trouble with habits we don’t even know we have.”

Here’s the thing. Dogs cue like crazy to our body position. More than we could ever imagine. So it’s no wonder that, since we rely more heavily on the spoken and written word, paying little mind to the messages our body language is sending, we make all sorts of inadvertent movements when we train our dogs.

Most of the time, a little slip of the cue, and a little gesture here and there doesn’t matter much. But when you are striving for precision, for a level of obedience that you can be competitive with, you need to be fully aware of your body language, and at times, you’ll need to fight your instincts to move your body in order to make sure your messages stay clear.

Here’s what you can do:

  1. Get clear on your body position – Very clearly define your body position before teaching anything new. If you are teaching the Focused Heel perhaps, saying something simple like “I want to stand facing forward” simply isn’t going to cut it. Where are your eyes looking and, more importantly, where are your shoulders facing? What are your arms doing? Will they swing or stay at your side? Get clear on this first, before any training happens, so you aren’t forced to figure out your body language on the fly.
  2. Make sure your body position is perfect before rewarding – Listen, the reward is the best part of this training thing. Your dog wants it. And the moment he’s released to get it is the most influential moment of your session. So even if you have to move around a bit to get the initial behavior, make sure your own body position is exactly where you want it when you reward your dog. That perfect picture is the one you want him always thinking about.
  3. Video your progress – It’s no secret, I video all of my training sessions. It helps me watch my own body position and helps me identify holes I may miss when I’m working one on one with my dog. But I’ll give you a helpful hint –  if you do take me up on my advice and you start taping your sessions, when you watch them back, look at YOU and YOUR movements….don’t fixate as much on your dog. It’s quite common for us to only see the dog in the picture when we play back our videos. And while there’s no doubt your dog is an absolutely integral part of the equation, don’t get so fixated on him that you forget to watch your own body position. You might just be missing out on some bad habits you have in your handling.

That day at the park, the handler thought she had taught her dog what her heel command meant. But really, her dog was cueing to her body position and when she made a seemingly subtle change, the dog became confused, constantly searching for the eye contact he was so used to getting, and becoming frustrated trying to perform something he didn’t really understand.

Listen, I said it before and I’ll say it again, your dog will always pick up on your body cues more than your words. So if you are teaching anything new, make sure your movements aren’t sending mixed messages and be sure to cut out any extra gestures or changes of posture. While you may swear your dog knows what the word “Fuss!” or “Heel” or “Au Pied” means, you might just be cuing him with a body movement causing your words to literally fall on deaf ears.

Spend time teaching your dog the meaning of your words…without the extra physical cues. And keep yourself honest by videoing and playing back your training sessions with a focus on YOUR movements. By paying close attention to your body position, you’ll add more comprehension to your work, your mixed messages becoming clear as your dog starts relying on your commands instead of your movements.

Getting precise body position isn’t just something your dog needs to master. If competition is your goal, it’s time to take a hard look at your own body language to be sure you are keeping your training clear. 

Meagan Karnes
Meagan Karnes

Meagan has been training dogs professionally since 2002, most recently working with private security, military and law enforcement to provide K9s for high level applications. She owns both The Collared Scholar, an online dog training academy, and 690 Security Services, a company that trains and deploys Executive Security and Protection K9s to private customers. She recently partnered with both Average Frog and SM Leaders, who repurpose the proven performance principles of the Navy SEALs for individuals and organizations.

    2 replies to "Mixed Messages: Getting Clear on Your Body Language when Training for Sport"

    • Roxanne Lewis

      I love this article. I struggle with my body motions so much. I’m a very jittery nervous person in my normal day to day life so I really enjoy the challenge, and the feeling of accomplishment when I get my body language correct. I’ve seen first hand, many times, how fast and easy dogs cue in on what my body is doing. It’s very hard and one of the reasons I’m hooked on sport work.

    • Philip Remetre

      Very knowledgeable article I love to read and learn from here

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